THE political system of Spain is based in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy, whereby the Monarch is the Head of State and the President is the head of government.
THE ROYAL FAMILY
His Majesty King Juan Carlos I
His parents were Juan de Borbon y Battenberg, Count of Barcelona and Head of the Spanish Royal Household since his father, King Alfonso XIII, relinquished this status, and Maria de las Mercedes de Borbon y Orleans.
Her Majesty Queen Sofia
She is the first child of King Paul I and Queen Federica of Greece. Her family belongs to one of Europe’s oldest Royal Households. The King and the Queen were blessed with 3 children namely, Elena (the Duchess of Lugo), Cristina (the Duchess of Palma de Mallorca) and Felipe (Prince of Asturias and successor to the throne).
Crown Prince Felipe of Asturias, heir to the Spanish throne and married to Princess Letizia.
They have 2 daughters, namely Leonor, born on October 31, 2005, and Sofia, born on April 29, 2007. Since Felipe and Letizia have no sons, Leonor is second in the line of succession to the Spanish throne after her father, Felipe.
Duchess of Lugo Elena (whose marriage to Jaime de Marichalar was dissolved on January 21, 2010 by common consent)
They have 2 children, Felipe Juan Froilan, born on July 17, 1998, and Victoria Federica, born on September 9, 2000.
Duchess of Palma de Mallorca Cristina, married to Duke Iñaki Urdangarin
Their 4 children are Juan Valentin, born on September 29, 1999; Pablo Nicolas, born on December 6, 2000; Miguel, born on April 30, 2002; and Irene, born on June 5, 2005.
THE PRIME MINISTER
Mariano Rajoy is a member of Partido Popular (PP) or People’s Party. He was elected Prime Minister on December 21, 2011 and was preceded by Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero. He was the leader of the opposition from 2004-2007 before he got elected in 2011. He is married to Elvira Fernandez Balboa.
THE MAYOR OF MADRID
Madrid’s City Hall is headed by Mayor Ana Botella. She is a member of Partido Popular (People’s Party). The mayor assumed office on December 27, 2011 after the resignation of Alberto Ruiz-Gallardon due to the latter’s designation as Minister of Justice. The City Hall is composed of several city council members who represent three parties: Partido Popular (Popular Party), Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Socialist Workers Party), and “Izquierda Unida” (United Left). The City Hall is located in the Plaza de la Villa. Information and public service phone number: 010 (within Madrid) / 915 298 210 (outside the Community of Madrid).
PRESIDENT OF THE COMMUNITY OF MADRID
The President of Madrid is the highest-ranking officer of the Autonomous Community of Madrid and the head of the Executive Branch. The office is currently held by Esperanza Aguirre of the People’s Party. She currently holds office at the former Casa Real de Correos building in Puerta del Sol. The President of the Community of Madrid is married to Fernando Ramirez de Haro.